Publications by topic. Articles may be cross-listed under multiple topics.
For a listing of publications by year, click here.

Ad Hoc Cognition
PDF - Casasanto, D., & Lupyan, G. (2015). All concepts are ad hoc concepts. In E. Margolis & S. Laurence (Eds.), The conceptual mind: New directions in the study of concepts (pp. 543-566). Cambridge: MIT Press.
PDF - Lupyan, G., & Casasanto, D. (2014). Meaningless words promote meaningful categorization. Language and Cognition, 7(02), 167-193.
PDF - Lai, V.T., Hagoort, P., & Casasanto, D. (2012). Affective primacy vs. cognitive primacy: Dissolving the debate. Frontiers in Psychology, 3(243), 1-8. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00243

The Body Specificity Hypothesis
PDF - de la Fuente, J., Casasanto, D., & Santiago, J. (2015). Observed actions affect body-specific associations between space and valence. Acta Psychologica, 156, 32-36.
PDF - de la Fuente, J., Casasanto, D., Román, A., & Santiago, J. (2015). Can culture influence body-specific associations between space and valence? Cognitive Science, 39, 821-832.
PDF - Casasanto, D., Jasmin, K., Brookshire, G. & Gijssels, T. (2014). The QWERTY effect: How typing shapes word meanings and baby names. In P. Bello, M. Guarini, M. McShane, & B. Scassellati (Eds.), Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 296-301). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
Read about this study in TIME or Die Welt.
Read our reply to Mark Liberman's Language Log post about QWERTY Baby Names here.
PDF - Casasanto, D. (2014). Bodily relativity. In L. Shapiro (Ed.), Routledge handbook of embodied cognition (pp. 108-117). New York: Routledge.
This chapter summarizes some of the first tests of the body-specificity hypothesis. Read about these studies in Scientific American, or hear about them on Futureproof Science Radio.
PDF - Kim, N., Krosnick, J. and Casasanto, D. (2014). Moderators of candidate name-order effects in elections: An experiment. Political Psychology. doi:10.1111/pops.12178
PDF - Kominsky, J., & Casasanto, D. (2013). Specific to whose body? Perspective taking and the spatial mapping of valence. Frontiers in Psychology, 4(266), 1-10. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00266
PDF - Brookshire, G., & Casasanto, D. (2012). Motivation and motor control: Hemispheric specialization for approach motivation reverses with handedness. PLoS ONE, 7(4): e36036. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0036036
PDF - Jasmin, K., & Casasanto, D. (2012). The QWERTY effect: How typing shapes the meanings of words. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 19(3), 499-504.
Read about this study in The Wall Street Journal, Scientific American, Wired, New Scientist, Men's Health, MSNBC, Huffington Post, The Atlantic, The Boston Globe, or The Economist.
Read our reply to Mark Liberman's Language Log post about the QWERTY effect here.
PDF - Casasanto, D., & Henetz, T. (2012). Handedness shapes children's abstract concepts. Cognitive Science, 36, 359–372.
Read about this study in Science News.
PDF - Casasanto, D. (2011). Different bodies, different minds: The body-specificity of language and thought. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 20(6), 378–383.
PDF - Casasanto, D., & Chrysikou, E.G. (2011). When left is "right": Motor fluency shapes abstract concepts. Psychological Science, 22(4), 419-422.
Read about this study in The Wall Street Journal, Scientific American, Science Daily, Gerhirn und Geist, Men's Health, or New Scientist.
PDF - Casasanto, D., & Jasmin, K. (2010). Good and bad in the hands of politicians: Spontaneous gestures during positive and negative speech. PLoS ONE, 5(7): e11805. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011805
Read about this study in US News and World Report, MSNBC, Science Daily, USA TODAY, or The Boston Globe.
PDF - Willems, R. M., Hagoort, P., & Casasanto, D. (2010). Body-specific representations of action verbs: Neural evidence from right- and left-handers. Psychological Science, 21(1), 67-74.
PDF - Willems, R. M., Toni, I., Hagoort, P., & Casasanto, D. (2009). Body-specific motor imagery of hand actions: Neural evidence from right-and left-handers. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 3(39), 1-9. doi:10.3389/neuro.09.039.2009
PDF - Casasanto, D. (2009). Embodiment of abstract concepts: Good and bad in right- and left-handers. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 138(3), 351-367.
Read about this study in Newsweek, Science News, New Scientist, The APA Monitor, or The Boston Globe.
PDF - Killgore, W., DellaPietra, L., & Casasanto, D. (1999). Hemispheric laterality and self-rated personality traits. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 89, 994-996.

Mental Metaphors
PDF - Dolscheid, S., & Casasanto, D. (2015). Spatial congruity effects reveal metaphorical thinking, not polarity correspondence. Frontiers in Psychology, 6(1836), 1-11. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01836
PDF - Casasanto, D., Brookshire, G., & Ivry, R. B. (2015). Meaning is not a reflex: Context-dependence of spatial congruity effects. Cognitive Science. doi:10.1111/cogs.12294
PDF - Casasanto, D., & Gijssels, T. (2015). What makes a metaphor an embodied metaphor? Linguistics Vanguard. doi:10.1515/lingvan-2014-1015
PDF - Dolscheid, S., Hunnius, S., Casasanto, D. & Majid, A. (2014). Prelinguistic infants are sensitive to space-pitch associations found across cultures. Psychological Science, 25(6), 1256-1261.
PDF - Casasanto, D., & Bottini, R. (2014). Spatial language and abstract concepts. WIREs Cognitive Science, 5(2), 139–149. doi:10.1002/wcs.1271
PDF - Casasanto, D. (2014). Development of metaphorical thinking: The role of language. In M. Borkent, J. Hinnell, & B. Dancygier (Eds.), Language and the Creative Mind. Stanford, CA: CSLI Publications.
PDF - Dolscheid, S., Shayan, S., Majid, A., & Casasanto, D. (2013). The thickness of musical pitch: Psychophysical evidence for linguistic relativity. Psychological Science, 24(5), 613–621.
PDF - Casasanto, D. (2013). Experiential origins of mental metaphors: Language, culture, and the body. In M. Landau, M.D. Robinson, & B. Meier (Eds.), The power of metaphor: Examining its influence on social life (pp. 249-268). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association Books.
PDF - Casasanto, D., & Dijkstra, K. (2010). Motor action and emotional memory. Cognition, 115(1), 179-185.
Read about this study in Wired, New Scientist, or Science Daily.
PDF - Brookshire, G., Ivry, R., & Casasanto, D. (2010). Modulation of motor-meaning congruity effects for valenced words. In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (Eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 1940-1945). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
PDF - Casasanto, D. (2010). Space for thinking. In V. Evans & P. Chilton (Eds.), Language, Cognition, and Space: State of the Art and New Directions (pp. 453-478). London: Equinox Publishing.
PDF - Casasanto, D. (2009). When is a linguistic metaphor a conceptual metaphor? In V. Evans & S. Pourcel (Eds.), New Directions in Cognitive Linguistics (pp. 127-145). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
PDF - Henetz, T., & Casasanto, D. (2009). Emergence of spatial metaphor in children. In N.A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (Eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (p. 2060). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
PDF - Casasanto, D. (2008). Conceptual affiliates of metaphorical gestures. Paper presented at the International Conference on Language, Communication, & Cognition, Brighton, UK.
PDF - Casasanto, D. (2008). Similarity and proximity: When does close in space mean close in mind? Memory & Cognition, 36(6), 1047-1056.

Space & Time

PDF - Casasanto, D. (in press). Temporal language and temporal thinking may not go hand in hand. In B. Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk (Ed.), Conceptualizations of time. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
PDF - Bottini, R., Crepaldi, D., Casasanto, D., Crollen, V. & Collignon, O. (2015). Space and time in the sighted and blind. Cognition, 141, 67-72.
Read about this study in Trends in Cognitive Sciences.
PDF - Casasanto, D., & Bottini, R. (2014). Mirror-reading can reverse the flow of time. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 143(2), 473-9.
PDF - de la Fuente, J., Santiago, J., Román, A., Dumitrache, C., & Casasanto, D. (2014). When you think about it, the past is in front of you: How culture shapes spatial conceptions of time. Psychological Science, 25(9), 1682-1690.
PDF - Casasanto, D., & Stocker, K. (2013). A spatial path to mental time travel in humans. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. Retrieved from
PDF - Bottini, R., & Casasanto, D. (2013). Space and time in the child's mind: Metaphoric or ATOMic? Frontiers in Psychology, 4(803), 1-9. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00803
PDF - Casasanto, D., & Jasmin, K. (2012). The hands of time: Temporal gestures in English speakers. Cognitive Linguistics, 23(4), 643–674.
PDF - Casasanto, D., Fotakopoulou, O., & Boroditsky, L. (2010). Space and time in the child's mind: Evidence for a cross-dimensional asymmetry. Cognitive Science, 34, 387-405.
Read about this study in US News and World Report or Science News.
PDF - Merritt, D. J., Casasanto, D., & Brannon, E. M. (2010). Do monkeys think in metaphors? Representations of space and time in monkeys and humans. Cognition, 117, 191-202.
PDF - Bottini, R., & Casasanto, D. (2010). Implicit spatial length modulates time estimates, but not vice versa. In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (Eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 1348-1353). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
PDF - Casasanto, D., & Boroditsky, L. (2008). Time in the mind: Using space to think about time. Cognition, 106, 579-593.
PDF - Casasanto, D. (2008). Who's afraid of the Big Bad Whorf? Cross-linguistic differences in temporal language and thought. Language Learning, 58(1), 63-79.
PDF - Casasanto, D. (2005). Perceptual foundations of abstract thought. (Doctoral dissertation). Department of Brain & Cognitive Sciences, MIT, Cambridge, MA.

Mental Simulation and Mental Imagery

PDF - van Ackeren, M., Casasanto, D., Bekkering, H., Hagoort, P., & Rueschemeyer, S.A. (2012). Pragmatics in action: Indirect requests engage theory of mind areas and the cortical motor network. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, (4)11, 2237-2247.
PDF - Willems, R.M., Labruna, L., D’Esposito, M., Ivry, R., & Casasanto, D. (2011). A functional role for the motor system in language understanding: Evidence from theta-burst transcranial magnetic stimulation. Psychological Science, 22(7), 849–854.
PDF - Willems, R.M., & Casasanto, D. (2011). Flexibility in embodied language understanding. Frontiers in Psychology, 2(116), 1-11. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2011.00116
PDF - Willems, R.M., Toni, I., Hagoort, P., & Casasanto, D. (2010). Neural dissociations between action verb understanding and motor imagery. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 22(10), 2387-2400.
PDF - Killgore, W., Glahn, D., & Casasanto, D. (2005). Development and validation of the design organization test (DOT): A rapid screening instrument for assessing visuospatial ability. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 27, 449-459.
PDF - Casasanto, D. (2003). Hemispheric specialization in prefrontal cortex: effects of verbalizability, imageability and meaning. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 16, 361-382.

Language & Music

PDF - Kunert, R., Willems, R. M., Casasanto, D., Patel, A. D., & Hagoort, P. (2015). Music and language syntax interact in Broca’s area: An fMRI study. PLoS ONE, 10(11): e0141069. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0141069
PDF - Fedorenko, E., Patel, A., Casasanto, D., Winawer, J., & Gibson, T. (2009). Structural integration in language and music: Evidence for a shared system. Memory & Cognition, 37(1), 1-9.
PDF - Casasanto, D., Phillips, W., & Boroditsky, L. (2003). Do we think about music in terms of space: Metaphoric representation of musical pitch. Paper presented at the Proceedings of 25th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, Boston, MA.

Human Memory

PDF - Gray, S. J., Brookshire, G., Casasanto, D., & Gallo, D. A. (2015). Electrically stimulating prefrontal cortex at retrieval improves recollection accuracy. Cortex, 73, 188-194.
PDF - Rabin, M., Narayan, V., Kimberg, D., Casasanto, D., Glosser, G., Tracy, J., French, J., Sperling, M., & Detre, J. (2004). Functional MRI predicts postsurgical memory following temporal lobectomy. Brain, 127, 2286–2298.
PDF - Kounios, J., Bachman, P., Casasanto, D., Grossman, M., Smith, R., & Yang, W. (2003). Novel concepts mediate retrieval from human episodic associative memory: Evidence from event-related potentials. Neuroscience Letters, 345, 157-160.
PDF - Casasanto, D., Killgore, W., Glosser, G., Maldjian, J., Alsop, D., Cooke, A., Grossman, M. & Detre, J. (2002). Neural correlates of successful and unsuccessful verbal encoding. Brain & Language, 80, 287-295.
PDF - Killgore, W., Casasanto, D., Maldjian, J., & Detre, J. (2000). Associative memory for faces activates the left amygdala and hippocampus. NeuroReport, 11, 2259-2263.
PDF - Killgore, W., Glosser, G., Casasanto, D., French, J., Alsop, D., & Detre, J. (1999). Functional MRI and the Wada test provide complementary information for predicting postoperative seizure control. Seizure, 8(8), 450-455.

Reference and Commentary

PDF - Casasanto, D. (2013). Gesture and language processing. In H. Pashler, T. Crane, M. Kinsbourne, F. Ferreira, & R. Zemel (Eds.), Encyclopedia of the mind (pp. 372-374). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
PDF - Casasanto, D. (2012). Whorfian hypothesis. In J. L. Jackson, Jr. (Ed.), Oxford bibliographies online: Anthropology. New York: Oxford University Press.
PDF - Casasanto, D. (2009). Review of music, language, and the brain. Language and Cognition, 1(1), 143-146.
PDF - Casasanto, D. (2005). Crying "Whorf". Science, 307, 1721-1722.